I made this using *Stella 4d*, which you can try for free at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# Tag Archives: Mathematics

# The Icositetrachoron and the Truncated Icositetrachoron, Rotating in Hyperspace

There are six regular, convex four-dimensional polytopes. Five of them correspond on a 1:1 basis with the Platonic solids (as the tesseract corresponds to the cube), leaving one four-dimensional polytope without a three-dimensional analogue among the Platonics. That polychoron is the icositetrachoron, also named the 24-cell and made of 24 octahedral cells. It also happens to be self-dual.

If, in hyperspace, the corners are cut off just right, new cells are created with 24 cubic cells created at the corners, with 24 truncated octahedral cells remaining from the original polychoron. This is the truncated icositetrachoron:

4-dimensional polytopes have 3-dimensional nets. These nets are shown below — first for the icositetrachoron, and then for the truncated icositetrachoron.

I used *Stella 4d* to create these images. You can try *Stella* for free at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# Simulated Geomag Rhombicosidodecahedron

This rhombicosidodecahedron appears to be made from Geomag pieces, but, in reality, it was made virtually using a program called *Stella 4d*. You may try *Stella*, for free, at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# A Symmetrohedron with 122 Faces

In this symmetrohedron, all faces are regular, except for the green isosceles triangles. If these triangles were a little closer to being regular, this would be a near-miss to the Johnson solids, but that is not the case. I made this (starting with the last polyhedron in the post right before this one) using *Stella 4d: Polyhedron Navigator*, a program you can try for free at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# A Blend of the Icosahedron and the Rhombic Enneacontahedron

This is the icosahedron, one of the Platonic solids. It has twenty faces.

The polyhedron below is the rhombic enneacontahedron, a well-known zonohedron with ninety faces.

Finally, here is a polyhedron which blends these two. It has 20 + 90 = 110 faces.

I used *Stella 4d: Polyhedron Navigator* to make these images. You can try this program for free at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# Fifty Faces Each in Two Polyhedra

I made both of these using *Stella 4d: Polyhedron Navigator*, which you can try for yourself, free, at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# A Twice-Zonohedrified Dodecahedron

If one starts with a dodecahedron, and then creates a zonohedron based on that solid’s vertices, the result is a rhombic enneacontahedron.

If, in turn, one then creates a new zonohedron based on the vertices of this rhombic enneacontahedron, the result is this 1230-faced polyhedron — a twice-zonohedrified dodecahedron. Included in its faces are thirty dodecagons, sixty hexagons, and sixty octagons, all of them equilateral.

*Stella 4d: Polyhedron Navigator* was used to perform these transformations, and to create the rotating images above. You can try this program for yourself, free, at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.