Quadrilaterals with Perpendicular Diagonals

I just learned these things are officially called orthodiagonal quadrilaterals. I’ve been calling them Qw⊥Ds (pronounced “quids”) for years, have studied their properties, and have even tested students’ knowledge of Qw⊥D esoterica.

orthodiagonal quadrilateralsObviously, on grounds of symmetry alone, it is easy to determine that Qw⊥Ds include all squares. With congruent triangles, it is also possible to prove that all rhombi, kites, and darts are Qw⊥Ds.

As for other parallelograms, such as the rectangle, they are Qw⊥Ds iff they are also rhombi. No non-rhomboidal parallelograms have perpendicular diagonals.

With no parallel sides, altering darts and kites to make their diagonals off, slightly, from being perpendicular would be easy. In the process, though, the figure would lose its “dartness” or “kiteness.”

With exactly one pair of parallel sides — what most Americans call “trapezoids” (that word has multiple, troublesome definitions) — things get more messy. A non-isosceles trapezoid (lower left) can either have perpendicular diagonals (red) or not (yellow). As can be seen at the lower right, the same is true of isosceles trapezoids.