# A Miscellany of Polyhedra with Icosidodecahedral Symmetry

All of these polyhedra were made using Stella 4d: Polyhedron Navigator. If you’d like to try this program yourself, simply visit http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php, where a free trial download is available.

# A Tetrahedral Exploration of the Icosahedron

Mathematicians have discovered more than one set of rules for polyhedral stellation. The software I use for rapidly manipulating polyhedra (Stella 4d, available here, including as a free trial download) lets the user choose between different sets of stellation criteria, but I generally favor what are called the “fully supported” stellation rules.

For this exercise, I still used the fully supported stellation rules, but set Stella to view these polyhedra as having only tetrahedral symmetry, rather than icosidodecahedral (or “icosahedral”) symmetry. For the icosahedron, this tetrahedral symmetry can be seen in this coloring-pattern.

The next image shows what the icosahedron looks like after a single stellation, when performed through the “lens” of tetrahedral symmetry. This stellation extends the red triangles as kites, and hides the yellow triangles from view in the process.

The second such stellation produces this polyhedron — a pyritohedral dodecahedron — by further-extending the red faces, and obscuring the blue triangles in the process.

The third tetrahedral stellation of the icosahedron produces another pyritohedral figure, which further demonstrates that pyritohedral symmetry is related to both icosidodecahedral and tetrahedral symmetry.

The fourth such stellation produces a Platonic octahedron, but one where the coloring-scheme makes it plain that Stella is still viewing this figure as having tetrahedral symmetry. Given that the octahedron itself has cuboctahedral (or “octahedral”) symmetry, this is an increase in the number of polyhedral symmetry-types which have appeared, so far, in this brief survey.

Next, I looked at the fifth tetrahedral stellation of the icosahedron, and was surprised at what I found.

While I was curious about what would happen if I continued stellating this polyhedron, I also wanted to see this fifth stellation’s convex hull, since I could already tell it would have only hexagons and triangles as faces. Here is that convex hull:

For the last step in this survey, I performed one more tetrahedral stellation, this time on the convex hull I had just produced.

# Four Convex Polyhedra with Icosidodecahedral Symmetry

The smaller images above may be enlarged with a click. All these polyhedra were made using Stella 4d, available here.

# Eight Chiral Polyhedra with Icosidodecahedral Symmetry

To see a larger version of any rotating model, simply click on it.

Each of these polyhedral images was created using a program called Stella 4d, which is available here.

# Sixteen Convex Polyhedra Featuring Icosidodecahedral Symmetry

To enlarge any single image, simply click on it.

Of the five polyhedra above, all appear to feature decagons. Upon close inspection, though, one of them actually features icosagons — with half their sides very short. Can you spot this polyhedron?

The next set of three polyhedra all feature pentadecagons.

That’s eight so far. Not enough!

Here are eight more, to round out the set of all sixteen, each of which I made using Stella 4d: Polyhedron Navigator. This program may be tried for free at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# 87 Rotating Non-Convex, Non-Chiral Polyhedral Images Featuring Icosidodecahedral Symmetry, Plus Four Which Snuck In with Cuboctahedral Symmetry — Can You Find All the Intruders?

To see larger versions of any of these, simply click on the images.

24 to this point….

That’s 40 so far…

Now the count is at four dozen.

That was 26 more, so there are 48 + 26 = 74 so far.

Now the count is up to 83.

So there were 91 of these stored on my hard drive, from all my “hard work” playing with polyhedra using Stella 4d: Polyhedron Navigator. (It will be good for my computer to get all that hard drive space back!) If you’d like to try playing with the same program — for free — just try the free download at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# A Collection of Non-Convex, Non-Chiral Polyhedra with Icosidodecahedral Symmetry

All of these polyhedral images were created with Stella 4d, software you may try for free at http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# A Pyritohedral Coloring-Scheme for the Truncated Icosahedron

While the polyhedron above, informally known as the “soccer ball,” has icosidodecahedral symmetry, its coloring-scheme does not. Instead, I colored the faces in such a way that the coloring-scheme has pyritohedral symmetry — the symmetry of a standard volleyball. This rotating image was made with Stella 4d, a program you can buy, or try for free, right here: http://www.software3d.com/Stella.php.

# Two Similar Polyhedra with Icosidodecahedral Symmetry

Both of these were made using Stella 4d, software you can try at this website.